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CPR - How to Perform Cadiopulmonary Resuscitation

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Author: Prepare Now

     First aid at home- Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

      In cases of electric shock or heart failure, emergency attention becomes the immediate necessity. Such cases are common emergencies wherein there is difficulty of breathing and heartbeat. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation comes handy for people having cardiac arrest, electric shock in addition to injury or drowning.

Technique of handling patient

     Since it is a critical condition, calmness is the key to help them. As these conditions are sudden in nature having knowledge and contact numbers of hospitals, ambulance, relatives and emergency outfits are essential. For ailing patients carrying the details of nature of illness, contact number of physicians and relatives, emergency medication is a must.

      Before beginning the procedure ring the physician, 911 or known hospital for help. Sometimes you may have to take the help of friends, neighbors or bystanders to contact them. Keep the patient lying on his or her back. Movements should be restricted as it may accentuate the condition unless required.

     Maintaining the airway, breathing and circulation is important. This you can do by the following many ways.

1. Tilt the head of the patient by putting your palm on the forehead and gently pushing down and lifting the chin to open the airway so that windpipe becomes almost straight. Occasionally there may be blocking of the airway either with fluid or foreign body which has to be dealt beforehand.

2. Give mouth to mouth breathing by pinching the nose and sealing the mouth. Take a deep breath and then blow hard into the patient's mouth. Watch for the rise in chest and repeat the procedure till the patient's breathing is restored. In case the person does not respond go for chest compressions.

3. Compressions can be given by placing the palm of one hand in the space between the two nipples and the other hand over it and pushing the chest by using your upper bodyweight. Caution should be taken to prevent chest injury or fracture. Two compressions can be given every second or hundred per minute. After thirty compressions, go for mouth breathing again.

     In case the person does not respond look for other signs of injury like bleeding and try to take care of it by cleaning and covering with gauze if available.


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